Balance Sheet Definition & Examples Assets = Liabilities + Equity


Although a balance sheet can coincide with any date, it is usually prepared at the end of a reporting period, such as a month, quarter or year. The balance sheet is one of the three main financial statements, along with the income statement and cash flow statement. Toggl’s balance sheet template gives an overview of your balances in one single view. It also has pre-set items for current assets, fixed assets, current liabilities, and long-term liabilities so, you won’t have to add them in yourself. In order for the balance sheet to balance, total assets on one side have to equal total liabilities plus shareholders’ equity on the other side. Current liabilities are the company’s liabilities that will come due, or must be paid, within one year.

owners’ equity

It is a snapshot at a single point in time of the company’s accounts—covering its assets, liabilities, and shareholders’ equity. The purpose of a balance sheet is to give interested parties an idea of the company’s financial position, in addition to displaying what the company owns and owes. It is important that all investors know how to use, analyze and read a balance sheet. Securities and real estate values are listed at market value rather than at historical cost or cost basis. Personal net worth is the difference between an individual’s total assets and total liabilities. A company’s financial statements—balance sheet, income, and cash flow statements—are a key source of data for analyzing the investment value of its stock.

Debt-to-Equity Ratio

A positive owner’s equity number, derived from profits, is most desired. When current assets exceed current liabilities, the likelihood of paying current liabilities is favorable; when the reverse is true, liquidity may be a concern. They are obligations that are reasonably expected to be paid from existing current assets or with other current liabilities within one year.


Reserves are the funds earmarked for a specific purpose, which the company intends to use in future. After transferring to general reserves, they have distributed Rs.55.1 Crs as dividends over which they have to pay Rs.9.3 Crs as dividend distribution taxes. This amount belongs to the shareholders, but cannot be distributed to them. Ohio University has a long-standing reputation for excellence based on the quality of its programs, faculty and alumni. If you are a professional who strives to align with one of the best, you need look no further than the esteemed on-campus and online programs offered at Ohio University.

Assets = Liabilities + Owner’s Equity

As you start getting interested in industries that offer information and business know-how, you can learn about the structure of their balance sheets. This section is just to give you a taste of some of the ways information is presented to you about companies and how you can use the information to help you determine if you should invest or not. For every amount of value that you receive, you in turn, give an amount of value as payment, keeping the company’s books in balance.

Stock investors, both the do-it-yourselfers and those who follow the guidance of an investment professional, don’t need to be analytical experts to perform a financial statement analysis. Today, there are numerous sources of independent stock research, online and in print, which can do the “number crunching” for you. However, if you’re going to become a serious stock investor, a basic understanding of the fundamentals of financial statement usage is a must. In this article, we help you to become more familiar with the overall structure of the balance sheet. The balance sheet includes information about a company’s assets and liabilities, and the shareholders’ equity that results. These things might include short-term assets, such as cash and accounts receivable, inventories, or long-term assets such as property, plant, and equipment (PP&E).

What’s a balance sheet?

Increasing inventory is good only if the company expects to make and sell more items in the near future. For the most part, however, increasing inventory levels sometimes signal that the company is not selling enough of the products it makes. You would expect that if a company’s sales were growing, then the account receivables would also grow.

Why is a balance sheet important?

A balance sheet is important for several reasons, but mainly because it shows the financial health of a company. It also can be used to determine how much runway a growth stock has since it provides the amount of available cash. It also can reveal how the stock is valued relative to the company’s book value.

The balance sheet raised to invest in the firm by selling its shares is referred to as shareholder equity. Calculating the shareholder’s equity in a small firm is typically easy because a single owner privately holds the share. However, because the shares of large corporations are publicly traded, the computation is more complicated. A balance sheet indicates the entire amount entering and leaving a firm on a specific day known as the reporting date.

Reasons Why Cash Flow is Important to a Small Business

The information is broken down by level – federal, state, local and/or foreign, and the main items that affect the company’s effective tax rate are described. A company’s assets have to equal, or “balance,” the sum of its liabilities and shareholders’ equity. Another asset, Office Equipment, may have a fair market value that is much smaller than the carrying amount reported on the balance sheet. Although accountants generally do not increase the value of an asset, they might decrease its value as a result of a concept known as conservatism.

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